BOOK OF THE DEAD an illustrated papyrus scroll placed in the tomb as a guidebook for the deceased during his perilous journey through the NETHERWORLD The Book of the Dead is a composite of ancient Egypt’s oldest and most important religious texts. Some of the writings come from Egypt’s Pre-dynastic period and were 4,000 years old during the time of Jesus. The Book of the Dead is not a book as we know it but consists of rolls of papyrus that contain a collection of spells, incantations, prayers, hymns, and rituals that were written by the priests over Egypt's long history. The various copies of the Book of the Dead contain about 200 different spells that have been given chapter numbers so that, for example, any spell dealing with “the heart not opposing the deceased” would be found in Chapter 30.
The Book of the Dead evolved from the PYRAMID TEXTS and COFFIN TEXTS. While the Pyramid Texts were magical spells for the pharaohs only, the Coffin Texts could be used by anyone who could afford to have a coffin carved or painted with magical inscriptions. Eventually, there were too many spells to fit on the coffin, and the Book of the Dead was the answer to the problem. Now all of the magical spells could accompany the deceased, for they could be written on papyrus and placed in the tomb with the mummy.
Scribes filled papyrus rolls with spells for protection as well as for instructions on how to behave and how to make the bodywork again in the next world. Generally, the Book of the Dead had four sections:
(1) how to protect the body in the tomb; (2) how to make the journey to the Netherworld; (3) how to pass the judgment of the gods; (4) how to exist in the next world, after having been accepted by the gods.
About 200 different spells or chapters appear in the Book of the Dead, but they appear in no fixed order. Books are written in the north or the south of Egypt had a particular style. The actual title of the Book of the Dead is “The going fourth by day,” which might refer to the deceased going forth to the Netherworld. The Egyptians were fearful of the night, and it would have been considered an advantage to make the journey during the day. Whatever the title meant, it undoubtedly was a reference to death. The ancient Egyptians did not mention death directly but instead had many euphemisms or names for death and the deceased. For example, because the west bank of the Nile was associated with death (the sun died there every day, and the dead were buried in cemeteries on the west side), if someone died, it was said that he “went west.” The dead were called “Westerners” or “True of Voice.”
Many of the Theban versions of the Book of the Dead contain hymns to the gods, especially to OSIRIS the god of the dead. An abbreviated example of the hymn to Osiris, from the papyrus of Ani (a scribe in the Eighteenth Dynasty), reads:
Adoration of Re when he appears on the eastern horizon of the Sky.
Behold, Osiris, the scribe of the divine offerings of all the gods, Ani. He says, praise to thee who has come as Khepera, the god of existence who is the creator of the gods . . . May he gives pleasure and power as one who is dead. The living soul [of Ani] goes forth to see Horus of the two horizons, the soul of Osiris, the scribe of Ani, true of voice before Osiris . . .
This hymn of praise to Osiris mentions two important features of the deceased: the BA, which has been translated as “soul,” and the KA, which was a kind of spiritual double. The Egyptians believed a person had five different elements: the physical body, the shadow, the name, and, most important, the ba the ka ba was represented as a bird with the head of the deceased, and it seemed to come into separate existence only after the person died. The ba was essential for the deceased’s existence in the Netherworld.
An excerpt from the Book of the Dead. (Photograph by Manfred Werner)
The ka was a kind of abstract double of the deceased that needed a place to live. Its first choice was the corpse, but in case the body was damaged or destroyed, many Egyptians were buried with one or more ka statues carved in their likeness so the ka could dwell within the statue.
The Egyptians were almost encyclopedic in their concern with the various parts of the body. The Book of the Dead seems to have been written by priests who drew up a list of every body part that would be needed in the next world and then created a spell to protect it, as in the following examples:
The Chapter of Not Permitting the Head of a Man to Be Cut Off in the Netherworld.
I am the great one, son of the great one. I am fire, son of fire, whose head was given to him after it was cut off. His head shall not be taken away from him . . .
When the Book of the Dead first appeared in the New Kingdom, it was considered essential to anyone seeking immortality by resurrecting in the Nether- world. This belief in the Book of the Dead continued well into the period of the Greek occupation of Egypt. The texts themselves remained virtually unchanged for more than a thousand years. No doubt many who purchased copies of the Book of the Dead could not read them, but that was not of great concern. Having the magical words that would guide them safely to the Netherworld was the important thing.
It sounds like you are interested in organizing a personalized tour of Egypt. Planning a tailor-made Egypt tour can be a great way to see the sights and attractions that are most interesting to you, and to experience the country in a way that is customized to your preferences and needs. Here are a few things to consider when planning your tour:
Determine your budget: This will help you narrow down your options and plan a trip that is within your means.
Decide on your travel style: Do you prefer a more structured, guided tour or a more independent, self-guided trip? This will help you decide what type of tour operator to work with.
Determine your travel dates: Consider the weather and peak tourist seasons when deciding when to visit.
Choose your destinations: Egypt is a large country with a lot to see, so you'll want to focus on a few key destinations rather than trying to see everything. Some of the most popular tourist destinations in Egypt include Cairo, Luxor, Aswan, and the Red Sea.
Book your transportation and accommodations: Consider how you will get around the country, and book your flights, train tickets, or car rentals in advance. You'll also need to decide where you will stay, whether that's in a hotel, hostel, or vacation rental.
Research and book activities and tours: Your Egypt Tours offers guided tours of Egypt's top attractions, such as the Pyramids of Giza, the Valley of the Kings, and the Temple of Karnak. Look for reputable companies and read our reviews to find the best options for your trip.
I hope these tips are helpful as you plan your tailor-made tour of Egypt. Let us know if you have any other questions!
"Your Egypt Tours" is one of the leading and pioneer travel agencies in the Egyptian tourism industry. We offer very special care and personal touch to our clients making them feel at home with their family. Great and high-quality service to ensure that your trip with us is one of a lifetime. In addition, the commonly known reasons such as our customers’ feedback and testimonials, competitive prices - excellent customer service, punctuality and. Most important of all, our customers’ safety and enjoying every minute in your trip are our priorities. With us, you are in a safe hand.
The cost of a tour of Egypt can vary significantly depending on a number of factors such as the length of the tour, the time of year you go, the type of accommodation you prefer, and the mode of transportation you choose. Some tours may be as inexpensive as $500 per person for a budget group tour, while others can cost $5000 or more for a luxury private tour. On average, you can expect to pay around $1500 to $3000 per person for a tour of Egypt that includes flights, accommodation, and most meals.
Don't drink the tap water - it is highly chlorinated. However, with enough time in Egypt, you could potentially grow accustomed to the water. This doesn't mean that the tap water is polluted, it simply means that you are not used to it, and you might get stomach problems. This happened to most people when they visit a country for the first time. They were simply not used to water there. It's a similar situation here. It is advisable to drink Bottled water during your entire holiday. That is why it is strongly advisable that you don't drink the tap water, and use it only for washing and brushing your teeth.
Enjoy Egypt Tours From September until March. It is the perfect time when the weather is good and mild. From September until mid-November, when it is very nice and the temperatures are pleasant for all activities - around 25 C to 15 C. mid-Nov until the end of February is wintertime when temperatures during the day are around 12 or 15 C, and at night can drop to about 7 or 8 C. In March and April, the weather is still so nice and travelers can enjoy the Easter vacation.
From May to September is the summer season. Spending summertime in a desert climate does not appeal to most travelers. Average daytime temperatures hover in the high 80s and low to mid-90s, although they can jump up into three digits in the South as in Luxor and Aswan. Summer is really hot here, prices go down and it is a good chance for travelers with a tight budget.
The weather in Egypt is generally warm and dry, with hot, dry summers and mild winters. The country is located in the northern hemisphere and its climate is influenced by its location in the tropics and its proximity to the Mediterranean Sea.
In the summer, temperatures can reach up to 40°C (104°F) or higher, especially in the desert areas of the country. The humidity is also quite low, which makes the heat more bearable.
In the winter, the weather is mild, with temperatures ranging from 15°C (59°F) to 25°C (77°F). The humidity is higher during the winter months, and there is also a chance of rain, especially in the coastal areas.
Overall, the best time to visit Egypt is from October to April, when the weather is cooler and more comfortable.
Safety and security are our first and foremost concerns! Egypt is a very safe country with a low crime rate. Now with the coronavirus outbreak, accommodations and sightseeing nationwide have finalized sterilization and disinfection in light of the Egyptian government's efforts to implement precautionary measures against the COVID-19. In addition, our company has followed the same procedures to make all our staff, guides, and drivers are well-trained with the current events to prevent and stop the spread of this outbreak. Traveling the world is a joyful experience and we want to do our part to keep the anticipation stress-free.
There are many interesting and exciting things to do in Egypt. Some popular activities include:
Visiting the Great Pyramids of Giza: The pyramids are one of the most famous landmarks in Egypt and a must-see for any visitor.
Exploring the ancient city of Luxor: Luxor is home to several important ancient Egyptian sites, including the Karnak Temple and the Valley of the Kings.
Cruising down the Nile: A cruise down the Nile River is a great way to see the country and visit some of the smaller towns and villages along the way.
Visiting the Abu Simbel temples: These temples are located in southern Egypt and are known for their impressive size and intricate carvings.
Going on a desert safari: Egypt has a large desert region, and going on a safari is a great way to experience the unique landscape and culture of the area.
Visiting Cairo: Cairo is the capital of Egypt and is home to many interesting museums, markets, and other cultural attractions.
Snorkeling or diving in the Red Sea: The Red Sea is known for its clear waters and abundant marine life, making it a popular destination for snorkeling and diving.
Visiting the Siwa Oasis: The Siwa Oasis is a beautiful desert oasis located in western Egypt. It's a great place to relax and escape the heat of the desert.
The high season for tourism is all year with winter and spring being peak season for cultural travels with lots of sightseeing. Weather in Egypt is perfect for many kinds of tourism, and if coming in June, July, and August, head for the seaside resorts. Those months are very warm with temperatures that can reach around 45C. and the humidity is about 70 to 80%, but it is bearable with the sea and large swimming pools nearby.
So the period of the high summer season is also a bit busy as hotels fill up with tourists from all over the world looking for a bargain, lots of sunshine, diving, snorkeling, etc. It is also a primary vacation time in Europe. If you come in the deep summer season you can still enjoy it because you can always sightsee early in the morning and go again at night when the sunsets. You will definitely need good sunscreen and a lot of liquids to drink with a nice hat on your head. Summer is a good time for people looking for good rates in accommodation and other services.
Egypt is a Muslim country and the dress code is towards the conservative side, especially for women. That being said, we are used to seeing travelers from all over the world. My suggestion would be to wear light clothes and not to wear short shorts, short skirts and alike to avoid the occasional unwanted stare. But it’s really up to you. When you visit religious places (synagogues, churches, and mosques) you do need to cover your shoulders and wear over the knee dresses, if you are planning to wear one of course. If you plan to attend the Nile dinner cruise, there is no need for formal wear unless you want to make that night a special night! Also, you will be sharing this experience with other travelers so you can dress however you feel most comfortable.
You can get your visa when you arrive at Cairo Airport. It is an easy process for USA, UK, Canadian, Australian and European citizens. The visa is simply a stamp (like a mail or postage stamp) that you buy from the visa office, at the port of entry just before the immigration booth. The visa will cost you $25 US Dollars and after buying it; you just stick it on any empty page on your passport. Once you have bought your visa you then stand in line to get your passport stamped by the immigration officer. You can also apply for E-Visa via the official electronic visa portal: www.visa2egypt.gov.eg
Egypt has many historical sites that you can visit and enjoy. Each tour is different and unique. If you go on a Nile cruise, you can visit Abu Simbel, Aswan, and Luxor in the South and enjoy the temples, tombs, and the treasures of the Nile. In the North, enjoy the Pyramids of Giza, The Egyptian Museum, Sakkara. Mosques, churches in Cairo, and many landmarks located in the city of Alexandria. On the East, Enjoy a beach tour for diving, snorkeling, and swimming in the Red sea. Every city has its charm, history, and flavor where you can do many tours and activities.
The amount of time you will need to spend in Egypt depends on your interests and the specific activities you want to do while you are there. Here are some factors to consider when determining how many days you should spend in Egypt:
What you want to see: Egypt has a lot of cultural and historical attractions, and the more you want to see, the more time you will need. For example, if you want to visit the Great Pyramids of Giza and the other ancient sites in the Cairo area, you may want to spend at least a few days in the city. If you also want to visit Luxor and the Nile Valley, you will need even more time.
Your travel style: If you prefer to take things at a slower pace and spend more time exploring each place in depth, you will need more time in Egypt. On the other hand, if you like to pack a lot of activities into each day and move quickly from place to place, you may be able to see a lot in a shorter amount of time.
Your budget: The longer you stay in Egypt, the more it will cost. If you have a limited budget, you may need to be more selective about what you see and do, and plan your trip accordingly.
As a general rule, I would recommend at least a week in Egypt to get a good sense of the country and see some of the major attractions. If you have more time, you can explore more of the country and see some of the smaller towns and villages as well.
There are many companies that offer Nile River cruises in Egypt, and the best one for you will depend on your specific preferences and needs. Here are a few things to consider when selecting a Nile River cruise:
Length of the cruise: Nile River cruises range from a few days to a week or more. Consider how much time you have available and what you want to see on your trip.
Type of vessel: Nile River cruises are offered on a variety of vessels, including traditional feluccas, modern riverboats, and luxury cruise ships. Choose the type of vessel that best fits your budget and desired level of comfort.
Itinerary: Different Nile River cruises have different itineraries, with some focusing on ancient sites and others on more modern attractions. Consider what you want to see and do on your trip and choose a cruise that matches your interests.
Price: Nile River cruises vary in price, and you should choose one that fits your budget. Keep in mind that you may be able to find discounts or special offers if you book in advance or travel during the low season.
It can be helpful to compare the features and prices of several different Nile River cruises before making a decision.
Your Egypt tours have established in 2001 to be the basis of a leading Egyptian tourism company in the field of tourism in Egypt
Absolutely mind blowing. A definite must see. We flew from Aswan after I contact Your Egypt Tours, as I did not want to sit in car for hours with my 10-year-old daughter. Just so much history and ancient love. You cannot miss this one thing if you are in Egypt. The rocks are just HUGE, so special.
I recently traveled with my wife, daughter, son in law and two grandsons (ages 4 and 2) to Egypt with Your Egypt Tours. We had a private tour experience. From the moment we landed at the airport on our arrival to the day we left we were treated with the utmost care and attention
Our trip to Egypt was wonderful. The accommodations and travel was seamlessly arranged by customer service rep, Mona, and we visited so many of the famous Egyptian antiquities. I would not have done the trip without the very knowledgeable guides, Ashraf and Mamdouh