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Ancient Egyptian Calendar - Unique Egypt Blog

CAIRO CALENDAR A magical calendar devised by the ancient Egyptians to determine whether each day would be a good day or a bad day to embark on a certain activity. In  1943,  the  Egyptian  Museum in Cairo bought a rolled-up papyrus titled “An Introduction to the start of Everlastingness and the end of Eternity.” It was written in hieratic, a cursive script that was often used instead of hieroglyphs, and made predictions about every day of the year.    The

PAPYRUS was three separate books, each relating to the days of the year, but the first and the third books were so badly damaged that they could not be translated. The second book was almost complete,  and it was this section that became known as the  Cairo Calendar. Each day of the year was divided into three parts. The following translation is from Ancient Egyptian Magic (1980) by Bob Brier.

  1. The first section tells of the day’s auspice or pre- diction; the days could be “favorable,” “mostly favorable,” “very favorable,” “adverse,” “mostly adverse,” and “very adverse.” As it turned out, most days in the Cairo Calendar were either “very favorable” or “very adverse,” and only a few days were expected to be partially good or partially bad.
  2. The next section determined “very good” and “very bad” days, according to events in the lives of the gods. For example, the day that commemorated the battle between Set and Horus, when Horus lost his eye, was predicted to be a bad day.
  3. Section three explained how to behave as a result of the prediction—again based on an event in the lives of the gods. On the day that commemorates the battle when Horus lost his eye in battle, the reader is advised not to leave the house.
  4. For all of its interesting mythological references, the  Cairo  Calendar is not fully understood. The calendar mentions many minor gods that undoubtedly were known to the ancient  Egyptians but are unfamiliar today. Various mythological themes are intertwined, and the mythological references are sometimes  incomplete


Ancient Egyptian Calendar


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