Support Whatsapp Call

Did the ancient Egyptians take drugs?

"Var Maka"... a word that may appear from its two syllables to be something that leads to healing, such as a drug or medicine; these two words are in hieroglyphs meaning "Healing Grantor." What is the relationship between this hieroglyphic word and the sciences of "Pharmacology"?

When we investigate the reality of pharmacology, it will be discovered that Ancient Egypt was famous for its abundance of drugs and poisons, you will notice that during your Aswan and Luxor day tours the paintings on the walls of temples. The pharaohs were the first to diagnose disease; they devised ways to treat it through the surrounding environment, from herbs, plants, and organic and mineral materials. They knew the methods of medicine, manufactured drugs, and prescriptions. They excelled in pharmacological sciences, so their treatment and medications were similar to what we are now. They used mixtures, ointments, and enemas put drugs in them, and cared more about herbal therapy. Our tour guide will show you more evidence and tell you more legends that are popular for pharaohs during our Egypt luxury tours.

Away from the talk of historians, and the meanings of speech, because it certainly may bear interpretation and controversy, there are sources more affirming the genius of the ancestors, as the pharaohs left a legacy that shows how the level of medicine, treatment, and chemistry in Egypt.

A large number of papyri called "Egyptian Medicine Papyri" tell many therapeutic recipes and how to install them, which reveals a civilization reached its peak. We will tell you about their history in medicine in our Egypt tours.

Popular Ancient Egyptian Drugs

Pictures of the cannabis plant from which hashish and banjo are extracted have been found in many manuscripts and inscriptions. They knew the difference between the male cannabis plant and the female one and preferred the female plant for its quality. However, there is very little evidence that the ancient Egyptians cultivated cannabis, Physical proof of the presence of cannabis in the composition of Egyptian medicinal drugs was available. With an impeccable degree of credibility: remnants of the cannabis plant were discovered inside the tomb of Akhenaten in Royal Wadi at Amarna one of the most interesting Eygpt classic tours, which dates back to around 1350 BC, and remains of cannabis powder were found in the tomb of Pharaoh Ramesses II the most famous tomb in the Valley of the Kings located in Luxor's west bank and one of the must-see attractions in Egypt day tours. Hashish was an essential element in the ancient Egyptian pharmaceutical arsenal until the end of the Pharaonic era. Treatment with it was applied by all possible means by putting it in the mouth, and anus, using it directly on the skin or eyes, or even by burning it and fumigating the house with it.

In the ancient Pharaonic Epuer Papyrus, from more than 1550 BC, a therapeutic description of many plants, such as the use of the cannabis plant in treating infections and vomiting.

The papyrus indicated that this plant and others are used to treat mental and physical disorders. They interpreted the resulting hallucinations and delusions as an exorcism of evil spirits residing within the patient. They did not believe that the plant was the cause of this condition. And in the third papyrus, Ramesseum 1700 BC, a medical prescription where cannabis is mentioned and used in treating glaucoma (an eye disease). He has a temple in his name Ramesseum temple situated in Luxor.

And among what was mentioned in the papyri in the field of treating eye diseases is the following paragraph, "A treatment for the eyes: celery; hemp. The use of cannabis in this way is no different from its modern use in treating glaucoma. In another place, the papyrus deals with the method of benefiting from the cultivated anesthetic in relieving the pain of childbirth by saying it as a recipe for cannabis rubbed with honey placed directly in the woman's vagina. A third place is exposed to a treatment for the nails by bandaging them with a piece of cloth dipped in a mixture of gum cannabis.

Are they Consuming for convenience and pleasure?

This was also present, although the primary use remained medicinal. Egyptian women used cannabis to relieve grief and overcome negative psychological states, and archaeologists have also found evidence that marijuana was consumed during religious ceremonies and rituals. More than that, the Egyptian gods themselves, especially "Sishat" and "Bastet," were also depicted consuming cannabis, which indicates a critical place occupied by this plant in the culture of the people of ancient Egypt, our tours guide will tell you all the information about this drug and other medicines during your Egypt travel packages. "Seshat," in addition to being the goddess of wisdom and the book and patronizing what was called the "house of life," was also, in a sense, the goddess of hashish. And the picture that was found engraved on one of the walls, and on top of it was a plant or a star with seven leaves that looked precisely like marijuana leaves, strong evidence of that.

How can we help?

Find out our latest news, promotions, and professional tips. Know before you book your next Egypt tours

Egypt has many historical sites that you can visit and enjoy. Each tour is different and unique. If you go on a Nile cruise, you can visit Abu Simbel, Aswan, and Luxor in the South and enjoy the temples, tombs, and the treasures of the Nile. In the North, enjoy the Pyramids of Giza, The Egyptian Museum, Sakkara. Mosques, churches in Cairo, and many landmarks located in the city of Alexandria. On the East, Enjoy a beach tour for diving, snorkeling, and swimming in the Red sea. Every city has its charm, history, and flavor where you can do many tours and activities.

Your Egypt Tours is one of the leading and pioneer travel agencies in the Egyptian tourism industry. We offer very special care and personal touch to our clients making them feel at home with their family. Great and high-quality service to ensure that your trip with us is one of a lifetime. In addition, the commonly known reasons such as our customers’ feedback and testimonials, competitive prices - excellent customer service, punctuality and. Most important of all, our customers safety and enjoying every minute in your trip are our priorities. With us, you are in a safe hand.

It usually varies according to the type of tourist trip in Egypt, but the average cost for spending one week in Egypt is 1600 USD including visiting alot of tombs and temples and sailing on a 4 or 5 stars Nile cruise.

Don't drink the tap water - it is highly chlorinated. However, with enough time in Egypt, you could potentially grow accustomed to the water. This doesn't mean that the tap water is polluted, it simply means that you are not used to it, and you might get stomach problems. This happened to most people when they visit a country for the first time. They were simply not used to water there. It's a similar situation here. It is advisable to drink Bottled water during your entire holiday. That is why it is strongly advisable that you don't drink the tap water, and use it only for washing and brushing your teeth.

Enjoy Egypt Tours From September until March. It is the perfect time when the weather is good and mild. From September until mid-November, when it is very nice and the temperatures are pleasant for all activities - around 25 C to 15 C. mid-Nov until the end of February is wintertime when temperatures during the day are around 12 or 15 C, and at night can drop to about 7 or 8 C. In March and April, the weather is still so nice and travelers can enjoy the Easter vacation. From May to September is the summer season. Spending summertime in a desert climate does not appeal to most travelers. Average daytime temperatures hover in the high 80s and low to mid-90s, although they can jump up into three digits in the South as in Luxor and Aswan. Summer is really hot here, prices go down and it is a good chance for travelers with a tight budget.

It is usually hot and sunny. winter falls between November and January, and the peak of the summer months is between June and August. Winters are generally mild, although temperatures can fall below 50 degrees Fahrenheit (10 degrees Celsius) at night. In the Western Desert. Cairo and areas of the Nile Delta may experience a few rainy days during winter. Summers can be unbearably hot, especially in the desert and other areas of the country's interior. In Cairo, average summer temperatures regularly exceed 86 degrees Fahrenheit (30 degrees Celsius), while the record high for Luxor and Aswan, popular tourist destinations on the banks of the River Nile, is 110 degrees Fahrenheit (45 degrees Celsius).

Safety and security are our first and foremost concerns! Egypt is a very safe country with a low crime rate. Now with the coronavirus outbreak, accommodations and sightseeing nationwide have finalized sterilization and disinfection in light of the Egyptian government's efforts to implement precautionary measures against the COVID-19. In addition, our company has followed the same procedures to make all our staff, guides, and drivers are well-trained with the current events to prevent and stop the spread of this outbreak. Traveling the world is a joyful experience and we want to do our part to keep the anticipation stress-free.

There are many things to do in Egypt during your visit depending on your interests and character. Cairo, Alexandria, Luxor, and Aswan Nile cruise must be your first priority if you are a history and culture lover. You must visit the pyramids of Giza, enjoy a Nile cruise between Luxor and Aswan and enjoy visiting the most important tourist attractions in Luxor and Aswan. You can visit the city of Hurghada, Marsa Alam, or Sharm el-Sheikh Red Sea for relaxation and enjoy many activities there such as diving, snorkeling, sunbathing, or swimming. You may like to go on a safari trip in the western desert if you are an adventurer. Many other activities are available in every single Egyptian city

The high season for tourism is all year with winter and spring being peak season for cultural travels with lots of sightseeing. Weather in Egypt is perfect for many kinds of tourism, and if coming in June, July, and August, head for the seaside resorts. Those months are very warm with temperatures that can reach around 45C. and the humidity is about 70 to 80%, but it is bearable with the sea and large swimming pools nearby. So the period of the high summer season is also a bit busy as hotels fill up with tourists from all over the world looking for a bargain, lots of sunshine, diving, snorkeling, etc. It is also a primary vacation time in Europe. If you come in the deep summer season you can still enjoy it because you can always sightsee early in the morning and go again at night when the sunsets. You will definitely need good sunscreen and a lot of liquids to drink with a nice hat on your head. Summer is a good time for people looking for good rates in accommodation and other services.

Egypt is a Muslim country and the dress code is towards the conservative side, especially for women. That being said, we are used to seeing travelers from all over the world. My suggestion would be to wear light clothes and not to wear short shorts, short skirts and alike to avoid the occasional unwanted stare. But it's really up to you. When you visit religious places (synagogues, churches, and mosques) you do need to cover your shoulders and wear over the knee dresses, if you are planning to wear one of course. If you plan to attend the Nile dinner cruise, there is no need for formal wear unless you want to make that night a special night! Also, you will be sharing this experience with other travelers so you can dress however you feel most comfortable.

You can get your visa when you arrive at Cairo Airport. It is an easy process for USA, UK, Canadian, Australian and European citizens. The visa is simply a stamp (like a mail or postage stamp) that you buy from the visa office, at the port of entry just before the immigration booth. The visa will cost you $25 US Dollars and after buying it; you just stick it on any empty page on your passport. Once you have bought your visa you then stand in line to get your passport stamped by the immigration officer. You can also apply for E-Visa via the official electronic visa portal:

Your Egypt Tours travel agency recommends two weeks so that you can enjoy the temples and tombs of Luxor and Aswan, explore the sights of Cairo, and relax in the Red Sea islands and nature reserves.

There are many Nile cruises. Not to name one but your choice depends on many things to put in mind such as the number of nights you want to spend on the cruiser, your budget, and the standard of the Nile cruise. We recommend you choose a 5-star luxury Nile cruise, and if you are looking for a private Nile River cruise you can choose Dahabiya cruises, it is only for the small-group tour, about 15 people. Most cruises have. There is another way of cruising the Nile, which is the Felucca boat. It is traditional and charming but it is cheap as long as it will be ok to sleep on the deck exposed to mosquitos and most of these boats do not have a toilet

The best time to visit Egypt is generally from October to April where it is suitable for outdoor activities and sightseeing.

Egypt travel usually have guided tours to archaeological sites, museums, and historical landmarks. Also have optional activities may include hot air balloon rides over Luxor, snorkeling in the Red Sea, or desert safaris.

What They Say about Us

Our Happy Customers

Travel has helped us to understand the meaning of life and it has helped us become better people. Each time we travel, we see the world with new eyes.

Absolutely mind blowing. A definite must see. We flew from Aswan after I contact them, as I did not want to sit in car for hours with my 10-year-old daughter. Just so much history and ancient love. You cannot miss this one thing if you are in Cairo. The rocks are just HUGE, so special.

Peter Hamilton


Peter Hamilton

I recently traveled with my wife, daughter, son in law and two grandsons (ages 4 and 2). We had a private tour experience. From the moment we landed at the airport on our arrival to the day we left we were treated with the utmost care and attention

Brent Sclafani


Brent Sclafani

Our trip to was wonderful. The accommodations and travel was seamlessly arranged by customer service rep, Mona, and we visited so many of the famous Egyptian antiquities. I would not have done the trip without the very knowledgeable guides, Ashraf and Mamdouh

Sandra T


Sandra T